Philippines is made up of 7,107 islands covering a land area of 115,739 sq. m. (299,764 sq. km.). Main island groups are Luzon,
Visayas, and Mindanao. Capital is Manila. Time Zone is GMT + 8 hours.
to May is hot and dry. June to October is rainy, November to February is cool. Average temperatures: 78°F / 25°C to 90°F /
32°C; humidity is 77%.
are a total of 76.5 million Filipinos as of the latest national census in May, 2000. Population growth is estimated at 2.36
percent annually. Luzon, the largest island group, accounts for more than half of the entire population.
official languages --- Filipino and English. Filipino which is based on Tagalog, is the national language. English is also
widely used and is the medium of instruction in higher education.
Eight (8) major dialects spoken by majority of the Filipinos:
Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinense.
Filipino is that native language which is used nationally as the
language of communication among ethnic groups. Like any living language, Filipino is in a process of development
through loans from Philippine languages and non-native languages for various situations, among speakers of different social
backgrounds, and for topics for conversation and scholarly discourse. There are about 76 to 78 major language groups, with
more than 500 dialects.
83% of Filipinos are Catholic. About 5% are Moslem. The rest are made up of smaller Christian denominations and Buddhist.
UNIT OF MEASURE
Metric System is used in most trade and legal transactions.
volts a/c is the common standard. 110 volts a/c is also used, especially in major hotels.
Philippines' monetary unit is the peso, divided into 100 centavos. Foreign currency may be exchanged at any hotels, most large
department stores, banks, and authorized money changing shops accredited by the Central Bank of the Philippines. International
credit cards such as Visa, Diners Club, Bank Americard, Master Card, and American Express are accepted in major establishments.